Friday, August 24, 2012

 Saturday Delhi NCR seen getting overcast..Radar shows cloud cover increasing and region gearing up for afternoon precipitation..Mungeshpur has recorded 36 mms and Ayanager 7 mms.

Saturday/Sunday forecast  on Current Weather Page (to give preference to this article below).

A New Dimension has been added to Meteorology in the last 20 years.Sprites, A fresh and newly found phenomena, hitherto unknown to us , was discovered as early as 1989.And was systematically imaged and studies carried out only after the satellites were able to locate the sprites. The first color image of one wasn’t taken until 1994.
 

An example of how energy can be exchanged between lower and higher regions of Earth’s atmosphere,

Back on April 30, Expedition 31 astronauts aboard the ISS captured this photo of a red sprite hovering above a bright flash of lightning over Myanmar. 





Elusive atmospheric phenomena, sprites are extremely brief bursts of electromagnetic activity that are associated with powerful lightning discharges, but exactly how and why they form isn’t yet known — although recent research (along with some incredible high-speed video) is shedding new light on sprites.

Although the appearance of bright high-altitude flashes above thunderstorms have been reported by pilots for nearly a century, it wasn’t until 1989 that a sprite was captured on camera —and in 1994 a clear study picture was taken...


So-named because of their elusive nature, sprites appear as several clusters of red tendrils above a lighting flash followed by a breakup into smaller streaks, often extending as high as 55 miles (90 km) into the atmosphere. The brightest region of a sprite is typically seen at altitudes of 40-45 miles (65-75 km).

Because they occur above storms, only last for a thousandth of a second and emit light in the red portion of the visible spectrum (to which our eyes are the least sensitive) studying sprites has been notoriously difficult for atmospheric scientists. Space Station residents may get great views but they have lots of other things to do in the course of their day besides sprite hunting! Luckily, a team of scientists were able to capture some unprecedented videos of sprites from airplanes in the summer of 2011, using high-speed cameras and help from Japan’s NHK television.

Based on the latest research, it’s suggested that sprites form as a result of a positive electrical charge within a lightning strike that reaches the ground, which leaves the top of the cloud negatively charged — a one-in-ten chance that then makes conditions above the cloud “just right” for a sprite to form higher in the atmosphere.

“Seeing these are spectacular,” said Hans C. Stenbaek-Nielsen, a geophysicist at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks, Alaska, where much sprite research has been conducted. “But we need the movies, because not only are they so fast that you could blink and miss them, but they emit most of their light in red, where the human eye is relatively blind.”


Image from Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center,nset image: the first color image of a sprite  (NASA/UAF.) Video: NHK.

By Jason Major, Universe Today.

23 comments:

Arpit Sharma said...

Watched an episode on sprites at discovery channel nearly an year ago.

Vivek said...

This is excellent. Thanks

junaid said...

@rajesh 35c ???but at panvel it wud be close to 33 c!!! but the real feel was much higher !!!when will the the wet phase of mjo begin???any sign of off shore trough strengtening???its quite hot and muggy all along the west coast!!!

rajesh said...

junaid:Mumbai colaba was 33c and vagaries 35c today. Real feel 37c as humidity was lower at 57% here.West coast trough getting better from Monday..but will inform in Sunday post.

Abhijit Modak said...

Very nice research of sprite above lightening flashes !

Ron said...

my god this is beautiful...more of these infos pls rajesh sir...

rajesh said...

Thanks Abhijit, Vivek and Ron.
@Ron: Might as well write something as there is no activity here in Mumbai (weather wise).

Pradeep said...

Rain batters Tamil Nadu preliminary rainfall in mm ending 8.30 am on 25.08.2012

Villipuram, Ariyalur, Perambalur, Dharmapuri, Karur, Salem and Sivaganga districts gets bountiful rains.

Ariyalur - 89
Kalrayanhills - 83
Sathanur Dam - 77
Karimangalam - 75
Thiruvennainallur - 70
Yercaud - 65
Kandamangalam - 68
Mugaiyur - 62
Jayankondam - 61
Vallam - 56
Kanai - 50
Thiagadurgam - 49
Kallakkurichi - 41
Veppanthattai - 42
Thuvakudi - 38
Mecheri - 37
Vattalkundu - 37
Manamadurai - 36
Olakkur - 34
Tiruchirapalli - 33
Mailam - 30
Thanthoni - 28
Panchapatti - 27
Kadaiyampatty - 27
Harur - 27
Vennandur - 26
Madurai - 25
Kodaikanal - 25
Marakknam - 25
Gingee - 25
Periyakulam - 23
Krishnarayapuram - 23
Vanur - 22
Polur - 22
Vaigai Dam - 20


No rain in Chennai region for 4th Consecutive day.

Arpit Sharma said...

Raining here in ghaziabad from the past 10 minutes.

Vivek said...

Rajesh sir,

Raining in Gurgaon since 10am. Fairly heavy rain.

Vivek

Arpit Sharma said...

Today the rain is lighter than the previous days and has stopped now. But the sky is still overcast.

Pradeep said...

Third day of good rains in karnataka

Preliminary Rainfall in mm ending 8.30 am on 25.08.2012

Maripalla 92.4
Gokarna 80.9
Bannur 80.6
Madhugiri 78
Mangalore 63.8
Kukkala 63.6
Kundakere 48.2
Gurumittkal 48.2
Bantwal 48
Basgod 43.4
Venoor 42.6
Balehonnur 41.4
Mysore 41.2
Nandi Hills 41
Naravi 41
Kolkunda 40.5
Koila 38.4
Dudda 36
Kagalavadi 35.2
Mulikar 34.8
Virajpet 33.4
Yelawala 32.8
Ulloor 32.4
K.M.Doddi 32.2
Chikkamagalur 31.4
Dharmasthala 31.2
Varana 30.8

Abhijit Modak said...

Just now localized brief heavy spell in Badlapur from WNW direction. 11mm rain measured in 20mins.

Arpit Sharma said...

Sky is very dark now but still no rain.

RK said...

half an hour of heavy rain at noon and drizzling continuously since then @g.noida

Arpit Sharma said...

Now drizzling.

Pradeep said...

Tamil Nadu is now in Normal Category for SWM 2012. The deficiency is only 18%. Yesterday’s rain was the second highest for Tamil Nadu in this SWM.

http://img715.imageshack.us/img715/8330/37851386.png

Vivek said...

Very overcast here in Gurgaon all afternoon. No rain though.

It rained in the morning.

sset said...

Thanks Rajan sir- Rains are very much required. Myself happy for tree plantations with saytrees.com. This rain is nothing - problem being with Bangalore infrastructure which cannot take even take 10min of rain. Ground water is zero, can be traced if dug more than 5000ft (electronic city...no water)- every drop is useful and it has to rain atleast 500mm more. Now total from june-aug is just 200mm. Many places like Mysore,Mandya,Bellary,rayalseema are still below 50mm!!!

Other reader may pass comments on me- no issues. Myself having seen old Bangalore 20years back and current state cannot hold back detoriation.

Rajan/Pradeep - I have noticed it rains in Bangalore only if day time is very hot, night thunder clouds develope (convection effect). It does not rain during normal monsoon months like july,june - when lots of clouds are present in daytime but winds drive away. Why is it so??

Pradeep Gujarat may have got less rain unlike previous 5years where it was more than exceess. Now Rajisthan is becoming very good.

Anonymous pls do not worry-next 3 months I will be back to beautiful NAVI MUMBAI.

As Arpit has pointed out - disovery channel show on "sprites". This comes under "Extreme Nature" - in fact they also showed about "TIME WARP/ SPACE WARP" incidents over Bermuda Triangle. Mystries of nature continues.....


Regards

Pradeep said...

Dear SSET,

I did not meant anything to hurt you....just you are absent for few days....just wanted your views on the Heavy Rains in Banalore

sset said...

No Pradeep Sir - I am always okay- infact deep respect to you/Rajesh/Rajan - your knowledge about weather models, explanation with weather terminologies always makes me good.

Rajan sir - if you don't mind -please send urls/links for weather understandings - myself lost it

Thanks

keaweather said...

Heavy rain lashes parts of Chennai. Surprisingly nungambakkam observatory missed out big time.

rajesh said...

sset: All cities are getting urbanised. Lots of greenery is lost, and cities feel "the heat" of the concrete jungle.That why, temps outsde the city ,in open areas is always less, that is cooler, than proper city regions.Urban Warming..

Thanks Pradeep.