The Crucial 2016 Monsoon !
Even though the South West Monsoons are about 4 days late in making a "mainland" entry, most forecasts are of excess rains , and some forecasts showing a 109% excess, which would make it the best Monsoon after 1994.
How have the "Forecasting" skills performed in the last 15 years ?
Excess of 109% means 9% more than the 50 year average of 89 cms.
A deficient of more than 10% is equivalent to a drought. 2015 was 14% deficient and 2014 12% deficient.
Then, over the last 30 years, some state or another shows a 10% deficiency in any given year, and we do have isolated droughts in pockets.
But the majority states in excess of 10% less rains, and declared as a National drought Year, are shown in a Yellow Square.
Pic from ToI
After 2 consecutive droughts, the fields are parched and the wells have dried up. The Monsoon this year must be bountifull and well spread and sparsed out with evenly distributed rainfall.
The water shortage this year is acute, and we need rains as soon as possible. Rains MUST cover the entire Peninsula area in the next 15 days. India is hoping for a return to normal monsoon , as 800 milion farmers, half of India's crops and 18% of the economy depends on the Monsoons ! A good rainfall year will boost the economy as a whole.
Marathwada is one of the worst affected regions. Reports dirctly form their speak of very very low well (tube) levels, and all the earthen dams are dry. Officially, as per the Water resource dept of the Govt, the levels in all but 2 dams and reservoirs are below drawable levels, and there is less than 1% storage left. Fields are parched, and the farmers and locals look and wait for the first pre monsoon showers, to begin with.